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Research on the effectiveness and mechanisms of mindfulness training applied in psychotherapy is still in its infancy (Erisman & Roemer, 2010). For instance, little is known about the extent and processes through which mindfulness practice improves emotion regulation. This experience sampling study assessed the relationship between mindfulness, emotion differentiation, emotion lability, and emotional difficulties. Young adult participants reported their current emotional experiences 6 times per day during 1 week on a PalmPilot device. Based on these reports of emotions, indices of emotional differentiation and emotion lability were composed for negative and positive emotions. Mindfulness was associated with greater emotion differentiation and less emotional difficulties (i.e., emotion lability and self-reported emotion dysregulation). Mediational models indicated that the relationship between mindfulness and emotion lability was mediated by emotion differentiation. Furthermore, emotion regulation mediated the relationship between mindfulness and both negative emotion lability and positive emotion differentiation. This experience sampling study indicates that self-reported levels of mindfulness are related to higher levels of differentiation of one's discrete emotional experiences in a manner reflective of effective emotion regulation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Development of an empathy scale. (19690101, Journal Article)
Untitled (Submitted, Journal Article)
Untitled (Submitted, Journal Article)

Mobile applications (apps) to improve health are proliferating, but before healthcare providers or organizations can recommend an app to the patients they serve, they need to be confident the app will be user-friendly and helpful for the target disease or behavior. This paper summarizes seven strategies for evaluating and selecting health-related apps: (1) Review the scientific literature, (2) Search app clearinghouse websites, (3) Search app stores, (4) Review app descriptions, user ratings, and reviews, (5) Conduct a social media query within professional and, if available, patient networks, (6) Pilot the apps, and (7) Elicit feedback from patients. The paper concludes with an illustrative case example. Because of the enormous range of quality among apps, strategies for evaluating them will be necessary for adoption to occur in a way that aligns with core values in healthcare, such as the Hippocratic principles of nonmaleficence and beneficence.

Although media studies and digital humanities are established fields, their overlaps have not been examined in depth. This comprehensive collection fills that
Tricycle’s Meditation App Roundup (Submitted, Magazine Article)
Editors of the leading independent journal of Buddhism in the West review 14 popular meditation-based applications.
Vive Pro (Submitted, Website)
Vive provides a fully immersive virtual reality meditation-focused experience.
WeCroak (Submitted, Website)
The WeCroak app is inspired by a Bhutanese folk saying: to be a happy person, one must contemplate death five times daily. Each day, the app will send the user five invitations to stop and think about death. The invitations come at random times and at any moment, just like death. When they come, the user can open the app to reveal a quote about death from a poet, philosopher, or notable thinker.
This app reduces stress & anxiety, improves focus, and enhances sleep using daily mindfulness meditations, life coaching, stories, and music. All personalized to the user based on their mood.
Zentered (Submitted, Website)
Zentered - a meditation helper stripped down to the bare essentials. The user can choose how long they desire to meditate, tap on "Start" and focus on the pulsing circle, breathing in when it gets bigger and breathing out when it gets smaller. If the pulse of the circle doesn't match your breathing you can adjust the speed.
Timeless Meditation (Submitted, Website)
Timeless is made by meditators, for meditators. This app provides high-quality guided instruction with practicing meditators, multi-day immersions for learning new techniques, and a personal practice timer that is elegant, easy-to-use, and fully customizable.
Simple Mind (Submitted, Website)
Tools on this platform allows the user to analyze their thoughts and structure them with SimpleMind. The unique free lay-out allows the user to organize your ideas exactly how they want it.
Smiling Mind (Submitted, Website)
Smiling Mind aims to live in a world where everyone has the skills and ability to manage life's challenges and live to their full potential. This starts with a healthy mind because this underpins one's ability to live, learn and work in an increasingly complex, digitally connected and fast-paced world.
Serenity: Meditation Timer (Submitted, Website)
Serenity is a beautifully crafted Meditation Timer, perfect for quiet contemplation, stillness and defined focus.
Omvana Meditation (Submitted, Website)
A meditation app offering guided meditations to increase better sleep, create healthier lifestyles, and decrease stress levels.
Oak Meditation (Submitted, Website)
Oak helps the monkey-minded decompress by transforming meditation practices from experiments into habits. We support you from your first session to your 500th, with mindful, loving-kindness, and sleep meditations as well as unguided sessions and breathing exercises. Individualize your meditations by duration, and customize with silence or calming background sounds. Oak tracks your progress and encourages you to continue building a healthy meditation practice.
Mindful Apps (Submitted, Website)
This post introduces mobile and desktop apps to provide benefit in supporting energy of mindfulness throughout the day.
A meditation app which allows users to journal emotional experiences, connect with a supportive community, and access local mental health services.
iMindfulness (Submitted, Website)
iDeal Development ApS
Gratitude (Submitted, Website)
This app provides a platform for users to express gratitude and relfect positively on meaningful moments in their life.
Evidence Based Mindfulness (Submitted, Website)
Organizations can benefit now from the scientific rigor applied to developing and validating a mindfulness meditation app for stress reduction by offering your organization’s members free and unlimited access to the EBM app for Stress Relief described here at EBMforStress.com. Our evidence based mindfulness app for stress management, EBM app for Stress Relief, includes the validated proprietary content from the study preparing one for a stressful event or task. Our app offers additional guidance for practice in Daily Life, building on stress resilience skills taught in our course of 14 lessons.
Enso Meditation Timer and Bell (Submitted, Website)
Ensō is a sleek and elegant meditation timer and bell. Its beautiful progress indicators and soothing bells helps the user stay focused whilst gently guiding their session.
Chop Wood Game (Submitted, Website)
Inspired by a Zen proverb, Chop Wood Daily Mindfulness Challenge is a minimalist wood-splitting activity that promotes simplicity, harmony, and relaxation.
Breathe 2 Relax (Submitted, Website)
Breathe2Relax is a portable stress management tool which provides detailed information on the effects of stress on the body and instructions and practice exercises to help users learn the stress management skill called diaphragmatic breathing.Breathing exercises have been documented to decrease the body’s ‘fight-or-flight’ (stress) response, and help with mood stabilization, anger control, and anxiety management. Breathe2Relax can be used as a stand-alone stress reduction tool, or can be used in tandem with clinical care directed by a healthcare worker. Breathe2Relax now uses HealthKit and your Apple Watch device to measure your heart rate throughout your breathing exercise to help provide an even more complete picture of the relaxation experienced.
Best Meditation Apps of 2018 (Submitted, Magazine Article)
Whether one prefers deep breathing or guided imagery to help relax one's mind, meditation can have significant benefits on mental and physical health.Research even suggests that it can improve the symptoms of anxiety, depression, and insomnia, as well as reduce blood pressure. But for some individuals, it can feel hard to find the time or energy to take a class. These apps make it easy and possible to do it anywhere. In today’s high-tech world, there are many apps that blend helpful technology with meditation techniques. This article rounded up the best apps for iPhone and Android for deep breathing, guided meditation, and finding Zen.
Article explains a range of applications available for those looking to develop a meditation practice; for those who are exclusively seeking out relaxation devices; and for those interested in neuroscience.
What is Neurofeedback? (Submitted, Website)
The activity in your brain determines everything you feel and do. While most people have normal brain function, they still have brain imbalances or chronic emotions that affect their day to day life. This is where neurofeedback can help. Neurofeedback is a way to train brain activity; it is biofeedback for the brain. To understand neurofeedback, first we need to understand a little about brainwaves.Brainwaves are the electrical impulses produced as your brain cells communicate with one another. Brainwaves tell us a great deal about how you feel and function; your thought habits, stress levels, underlying mood and overall brain function. Using sensors on the scalp, we can measure and monitor this activity. With brain analysis software (QEEG brain map), we can identify what specific activity is giving rise to your symptoms. Once we know the areas of concern, we can create a training plan to help draw your brain into a comfortable, efficient state. That brings us to neurofeedback. During a neurofeedback session, we compare what your brain is actually doing to what you'd like it to be doing. When your brain is nearing a more comfortable state, you are rewarded with a positive response on a computer screen. Usually this ‘neuro-feedback’ is in the form of a video game, music, or movie. The sounds and images tell you immediately when your brain approaches a more efficient place and when not. When the movie plays, it is because your brain is approaching the desired state. When the movie stops, it is because your brain is heading the other way. Much like physical exercises develop specific muscles, the more your brain is exercised into reaching a more comfortable, more efficient position, the better it gets at it (see neuroplasticity). As with learning any new skill, it simply requires time and repetition.
Biofeedback and EEG neurofeedback have been documented as successful treatment modalities for MTBI. EEG biofeedback has been shown as an effective inter­vention for treating auditory memory problems in TBI. And quantitative EEG is a highly sensitive diagnostic tool in identifying post concussion syndrome. Currently, there are numerous biofeedback and neurofeedback training programs for optimal performance that have shown good preliminary results in reducing or eliminating symptoms of TBI and PTSD. Biofeedback/neurofeedback was also studied by Dr. Eugene Peniston for the treatment of combat-related, post traumatic stress disorder and ­substance abuse.Biofeedback is the use of sensitive instruments to measure physical responses in the body and feed them back to you in order to help alter your body’s responses. You can observe the feedback on a computer screen or listen to sound feedback.
The Pros and Cons of 4 Meditation Gadgets (Submitted, Magazine Article)
This article presents four popular meditation devices: Spire, Thync, Melomind, and Muse, along with a brief operating description of each gadget.
Suggested Reading (Submitted, Website)
This article provides an informative selection of biofeedback and neurofeedback based books.
ObjectiveClinical epidemiologic studies suggest that once established, voiding dysfunction can become a lifelong condition if not treated correctly early on in life. Biofeedback is one component of a voiding retraining program to help children with voiding dysfunction. Our goal was to compare objective non-invasive urodynamic data obtained during office biofeedback sessions with patient reported voiding symptom scores. Methods Charts of 55 children referred in 2010 for pelvic floor muscle biofeedback therapy for urinary incontinence were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with any anatomic diagnoses were excluded. Forty-seven (86%) females and eight males (14%) with a mean age of 8.2 years made up the cohort. Uroflow curves, voided volumes, and post-void residuals were recorded at each visit and served as objective data. Volumes were normalized as a percentage of expected bladder capacity according to age. The patient reported symptom score and patient reported outcome (improved, no change or worse) served as subjective measures of intervention. Results The primary referral diagnoses were day and night wetting in 37 (67%) and daytime incontinence in 18 (33%) children. A history of urinary tract infection (UTI) was noted in 32 (64%) patients, and 25% were maintained on antibiotic prophylaxis during the study period. Twenty-nine percent were maintained on anticholinergic medication. Patients attended an average of 2.5 biofeedback sessions. Voided volumes and post void residual volumes were unchanged, 50% of the abnormal uroflow curves normalized over the course of treatment (p
Neurofeedback (Submitted, Website)
According to Dr. Andrew Hill, neurofeedback is a form of Biofeedback in the brain. It was invented about 50 years ago. Neurofeedback was developed through the work of Dr. Joe Kamiya at the University of Chicago in the 1950s. It was eventually followed by Dr. Barry Sterman’s work at UCLA in the 1960s. Primarily, neurofeedback trains the brain to efficiently function. It is also known as EEG Biofeedback based on the EEG or electroencephalogram. The EEG is a test to monitor the electrical activity of the brain. This podcast also discusses the techniques of neurofeedback; related interventions; and the role of diet and nutrition.
Neuro Mediation combines traditional meditation techniques with modern technology. With the use of brainwave training equipment as well as other biofeedback modalities individuals can learn to meditate more quickly and easily than in the past.These modern techniques grew out of decades of scientific research and the clinical use of EEG biofeedback (also know as neurofeedback or brainwave training) to train deep states. More recently groundbreaking research through brainmapping, such as Richard Davidson’s work at Keck Labs, University of Wisconsin, has added valuable information that is guiding efforts internationally to better understand and implement these new technologies. The staff at New Mind Centers has been studying both traditional and modern technologies regarding meditation and other altered states for decades and teaching hundreds how to use these technologies together for transformation and transcendance. We believe that the way westerners will fully come to embrace meditation is through the use of modern technology. Come join our workshops and lets us teach you how to meditate the new modern way using scientifically based methods and equipment. The New Way of the West is dawning.
Mindfulness and Biofeedback (Submitted, Website)
Mindfulness is a meditative or therapeutic technique that engages the individual in his or her awareness of the present moment. It is particularly relevant in terms of their ability to recognize their own present feelings and reactions to events around them. When considering biofeedback and its goal of building awareness of an individual’s own psychophysiological reactions, via breathing, heart rate, muscle tension, temperature and sweating, it is not surprising that mindfulness and biofeedback are two fields that “marry” well together. Mindfulness and biofeedback both offer individuals helpful ways to respond to difficult emotions and physical pain. When asked about the benefits of combining the two methods, Dr. Inna Khazan explained, “Mindfulness enables us to pause long enough to make a choice of response. Skills learned through biofeedback are a large part of that chosen response.”
For those with chronic pain, the most basic movements can be unbearable. Some patients even develop kinesiophobia – a fear of, or aversion to, movement. Using interactive digital interfaces, the chronic pain sufferer Diane Gromala, professor of interactive arts and technology at Simon Fraser University in Canada, is developing new ways to help alleviate symptoms that could serve as a supplement or alternative to pharmaceuticals. Through a biofeedback system, Gromala’s interfaces track users’ physiological responses to different movements and mental states.
Mindfulness is an increasingly popular tool for training the mind, and specifically, attention. Research shows it helps reduce stress, anxiety and depression, and improves focus and other aspects of cognitive and executive function.But if you want to realize these benefits for yourself, you have to commit to consistent (roughly daily) practice, for the longer term. The problem is, that's not easy. You can take a six or eight week course in mindfulness - there are lots around these days - but what happens after the course has finished? In my experience, a lot of people don't persist with a regular mindfulness practice (and some research bears this out), even when they experienced benefits. This article looks at why not, and how supporting mindfulness with biofeedback might help.
Biofeedback (Submitted, Website)
This podcast hosts John G. Arena, Ph.D., President of the Association for Applied PsychoPhysiology and Biofeedback. Dr. Arena is also the Lead Psychologist at the Veterans Hospital in Augusta, Georgia and Professor of Psychiatry and Health Behavior at the Medical College of Georgia. The practice of biofeedback is discussed along with potential health benefits.
Biofeedback (Submitted, Magazine Article)
Biofeedback is a mind-body technique that helps teach patients how to influence their autonomic nervous systems – the part of the body that controls involuntary physical functions such as blood pressure, heart rate, muscle tension, and brainwave frequency. This is done by attaching an electronic “cue” (usually a “beep,” tone or visual image on a screen) to a measurable physiologic process. A person can thus monitor his or her internal responses and develop a sense of how to move them in positive ways. Biofeedback machines can detect internal bodily functions with sensitivity and precision, and allow involuntary physical functions to be translated in ways that can be understood. The information, or “feedback,” that the “cue” provides is used to monitor these functions and facilitate treatment for a variety of disorders, while moving the patient toward a more balanced internal state. In this article, healthcare concerns, practitioner expectations, and supplementary modalities are also discussed.
In October of 2012 the American Academy of Pediatrics gave neurofeedback their top rating in application to the behavioral symptoms of ADHD. This means that neurofeedback has met the highest standards currently being applied to the appraisal of psychosocial interventions. In order to be ranked as a “Level 1 Best Support” treatment, neurofeedback had to be evaluated in at least two controlled studies of sufficient size, conducted by two independent groups. The method had to show itself to be superior to placebo, and to be equivalent in outcome to another level 1 or level 2 treatment. The clinical approach had to be manualizable.Two fairly recent studies carried the burden. The first study compared frequency-based training with slow-cortical-potential or SCP-based training. The comparison group got computerized attention skills training. Neurofeedback yielded the better outcomes in this relatively large study that involved some 102 children (Gevensleben et al., 2009). The second study was much smaller in size, involving some 20 children in two groups (15 actives, five controls). The distinguishing feature here was that fMRI data were acquired to document the changes induced with the neurofeedback training. These measurements yielded the expected confirming findings, manifesting localized changes in activation that were not seen in the control group. fMRI data were also taken during a continuous performance test, leading to the observation of additional features in the fMRI that discriminated between the experimental and control groups (Beauregard & Levesque, 2006; Levesque, Beauregard & Mensour, 2006).
For millennia the world’s indigenous peoples have acted as guardians of the web of life for the next seven generations. They’ve successfully managed complex reciprocal relationships between biological and cultural diversity. Awareness of indigenous knowledge is reemerging at the eleventh hour to help avert global ecological and social collapse. Indigenous cultural wisdom shows us how to live in peace--with the earth and one another.Original Instructions evokes the rich indigenous storytelling tradition in this collection of presentations gathered from the annual Bioneers conference. It depicts how the world’s native leaders and scholars are safeguarding the original instructions, reminding us about gratitude, kinship, and a reverence for community and creation. Included are more than 20 contemporary indigenous leaders--such as Chief Oren Lyons, John Mohawk, Winona LaDuke, and John Trudell. These beautiful, wise voices remind us where hope lies.
Articles and messages relating to His Holiness the Dalai Lama's concern for the protection of our natural environment
The Land Ethic (Submitted, Book Chapter)
Examines Goethe's neglected but sizable body of scientific work, considers the philosophical foundations of his approach, and applies his method to the real world of nature.Though best known for his superlative poetry and plays, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) also produced a sizable body of scientific work that focused on such diverse topics as plants, color, clouds, weather, and geology. Goethe's way of science is highly unusual because it seeks to draw together the intuitive awareness of art with the rigorous observation and thinking of science. Written by major scholars and practitioners of Goethean science today, this book considers the philosophical foundations of Goethe's approach and applies the method to the real world of nature, including studies of plants, animals, and the movement of water.
The target of this outline is psychological research which specifically examines theeffects of contact with nature. This is only one aspect of the work of the School of Lost Borders, but direct contact with the wild natural world is a core of our approach.
Ecotherapy (Submitted, Book)
Award-winning nature cinematographer Louie Schwartzberg discusses his breahtaking time-lapse photography and his viral video "Gratitude". He tells Oprah why he believes focusing on nature's beauty helps us experience a truer spiritual connection to the world around us and to the deepest parts of our souls. Louie says that the awe of nature can make us more present and mindful, and that it can help a person listen to his or her inner voice.
5 Ways to Reconnect With Nature (Submitted, Magazine Article)

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